Colonists immigrating from Yagodnaya Polyana to Kansas ran out of money when they reached New York City in 1888. They managed to find employment in Orange County, New York, and founded the town of Pine Island there. A group of colonists from Neu-Straub arrived in New York City in 1891 and was swindled out of its money. They had been en route to Kansas, but went instead to work for some German farmers in Stuyvesant Falls, New York. Later, many of them found jobs in cotton mills and paper factories.
PRIMARY SETTLEMENT AREAS
Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 216.
Sallet, Richard. Russian-German Settlement in the United States (Fargo, ND: North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, 1974): 49.