Privalnaja, Privalnaya, Priwalnoje, Privalnoye, Privolnoye, Warenburg
50º56' N 46º05' E
Warenburg was founded as a Lutheran colony on 12 May 1767 by LeRoy & Pictet with colonists from Darmstadt, Brandenburg, Prussia, Württemberg, and Holstein.
In 1770, Warenburg was looted during the Pugachev raids on the area.
In 1876, immigration to North American began with the departure of 17 people.
A Congress of representatives from the colonies on the Wiesenseite was held in Warenburg 24-27 February 1918. From 4-8 January 1919, there was an anti-Bolshevik uprising held in Warenburg against the government's requisitioning of food.
The Warenburg parish was founded in 1770. Between 1905-1907, a new church building was constructed of brick by architects and artisans from Germany and Latvia. It was built in the Kontor Style, originally painted completely white on the exterior, and is said to have seated 1,200 worshipers. The interior was painted white and blue. Above the altar in gilded letters was written "Ehre Gott in der Hohe" ("Glory to God in the Highest"). A balcony held a magnificent organ, and three crystal chandeliers hung from the dome above the sanctuary. The church was heated by three cast-iron furnaces. Around the church was a park.
After the closure of the church in 1932, the building was used as a community entertainment center. The gilded praise to God was replaced by a red-lettered "Die Buhne ist der Spiegel des Lebens" ("The Stage Mirrors Life"). The furnaces broke and were removed. In 1939, the building was abandoned. In 1943, the building was used as a prison workshop and the prisoners worked on tractors beneath the dome.
The congregation in Warenburg was served by the following pastors:
1785-1788 Friedrich Konrad Strengel
1797-1825 Bernhard Wilhelm Litfass
1826-1833 Friedrich August Wilhelm Schrötter
1834-1883 Franz Karl Hölz
1891-1891 Karl Julius Hölz
1883-1909 Karl Leopold Hölz
1909-1918 Eduard Seib
1909-1912 Andreas Gorne
1929-1931 Herbert Julius Günther
The descendants of Heinrich Müller who had settled in Warenburg from near Darmstadt in Hesse became prominent merchants among the Volga German colonies. Over time, some branches of this family set up businesses in other parts of Russia as well. The community was in need of a school building, and in 1909 the ancestral home of the Müller family was acquired to serve this purpose. To this day, this building still functions as a school and is known as the Miller School.
**Of which 1,005 households were German.
***Of whom 4,795 (2,269 male & 2,526 female) were German living in 841 households.
****Of whom 5,170 were German.
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- List of the Populated Places of the Samara Province. Samara, Russia, 1910.
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- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen – Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: AER Verlag Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1978): 196.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
Warenburg (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 23 April 2014.