Stahl am Karaman
Stahl, Stahl am Karaman, Svonarevka, Swonarewka, Zvonarevka
51º37' N 46º32' E
Stahl am Karaman was founded on 9 July 1766 by the Government as a Lutheran colony along the Karaman River. Following the 28 August 1941 Decree which abolished the Volga German Republic, the residents of Stahl am Karaman were deported to Siberia on 15 September 1941.
The Lutheran parish in Stahl was originally part of the parish headquartered in Rosenheim which had been established in 1767.
The first church building was constructed of wood in 1808. It burned in 1842 and was reconstructed with seating for 816. This church was renovated in 1912.
The congregation in Stahl am Karaman was served by the following pastors:
1767-1785 Ludwig Helm
1786-1788 Laurentius Ahlbaum
1788-1792 Klaus Peter Lundberg
1792-1815 Christian Friedrich Jäger
1816-1820 Franz Hölz
1820-1831 Johann Heinrich Buck
1831-1866 Alexander Karl August Allendorf
1867-1879 Friedrich Wilhelm Meyer
1881-1894 Karl Julius Hölz
1894-1901 Karl Ernst Theodor David
1901-1909 Emil Friedrich Busch
1912-1922 Alexander Rothermel
1929-1933 Jakob Scharf
**Of which 400 households were German.
***Of whom 1,886 were German (367 households: 888 male & 998 female).
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- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
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- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
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- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- Schmidt, David F. "An Early Volga German Settlement List from the Wiesenseite." AHSGR Journal (Spring 1991): 15-27.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
Last updated 23 February 2016.