Seelmann
Names
Kroitznach, Rovnaja, Rovnaya, Rovnoye, Rownoje, Seelmann
Location
50º46' N 46º03' E
History
      Seelmann was founded on 15 July 1767 by colonists from the areas of Mainz, Alsace, and Isenburg in Germany and from Luxembourg. These colonists had been recruited by LeRoy & Pictet. On 12 November 1775, Seelmann was attacked by Pugachev and his rebels.
Church
      The first church in Seelmann was constructed of wood. The new stone church was approved to be built in the Gothic Revival style in 1902. The new building was dedicated 15 September 1911.
      Seelmann served as the lead parish for several surrounding colonies, and as such was where the residence of the priest was located. The surrounding colonies served by the priests from Seelmann included: Neu-Kolonie, Hölzel, Marienberg, Streckerau, Preuss, and Dehler.
      This church building was torn down in 1939.
Priests
      The Catholic parish in Seelmann was served by the following priests:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
89
257
128
129
1769
74
229
127
122
1773
71
280
145
135
1788
208
1798
310
1816
540
1834
1,018
1850
1,650
1857
1859
2,080
1889
4,945
1891
1894
1897
6,816*
3,480
3,336
1905
6,930
1910
7,508
1912
8,089
1920
8,412
1922
6,279
1923
6,106**
1926
6,218***
1939
7,363
*Of whom 5,014 were German.
**Of whom 5,344 were German.
***Of whom 5,240 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 94.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 149-165.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
Available Resources
- Censuses: 1767, 1798, 1834, 1850, 1857
External Links
- Laikam, Raimund. "Das Grosse, Schöne Dorf Seelmann-Rownoje an der Wolga." Volk auf dem Weg (April 2007): 25. (English translation)
Last updated 25 July 2014.
Map showing Seelmann (1935).

Seelmann Catholic Church
Source: Volk auf dem Weg, 2007.


Chapel in the cemetery
of Seelmann

A camel drawn wagon in Seelmann, a major grain trading colony in Samara Province.

Grain "trains" near Seelmann (1894).

"Port" at Seelmann (1894).