Schwed
Names
Leninskoye, Schwed, Schwedt, Svonarevka, Swonarewka, Zvonarevka
Location
51º36' N 46º30' E
History
      Schwed was founded as a Lutheran colony on 27 July 1765 by the Government. The 24 founding colonist families came from Sweden, Saxony, Nuremburg, and Danzig. Enough of the original settlers were from Sweden that the colony was named Schwed. By decree dated 26 February 1768, Schwed was given the official Russian name of Svonarevka.
      Immigration to America began in 1870. During 1877-1878, 61 individuals left the colony for America.
Church
      Originally the Lutheran congregation in Schwed was part of the Rosenheim parish which had been established in 1767.
      A new wooden church building was completed there in 1872. It was closed by the Soviet government in 1930. The building stood until 1990 when it burned. The stone foundation is all that remains.
Pastors
      The congregation in Schwed was served by the following pastors:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
29
78
1769
24
80
41
39
1773
25
92
47
45
1788
24
110
54
56
1798
25
156
75
81
1816
47
304
154
150
1834
62
589
306
283
1850
105
1,011
509
502
1857
111
1,243
632
611
1859
105
1,286
658
628
1883
1,634
1889
1,646
1897
2,004*
1,005
999
1904
3,343
1910
286
3,412
1,711
1,701
1912
3,755
1920
288
2,098
1922
1,677
1923
1,623
1926**
312
1,759
837
922
1931
2,112***
1939
2,550
*Of whom 1,982 were German.
**Of whom 1,754 (834 male & 920 female) were German living in 311 households.
***Of whom 2,082 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 353.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 139-147.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
Resources
External Links
Schwed (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 24 May 2013.

Map showing the west end of Schwed (1935).