Schäfer
Names
Lipovka, Lipowka, Schaefer, Schäfer
Location
51º31' N 46º36' E
History
      Schäfer was founded as a Lutheran colony on 1 August 1766 by LeRoy & Pictet. The colony was looted by the Kirghiz in 1774.
      Colonists left to resettle in the Caucasus in 1780. Emigration to America began in 1877-1878 when 50 people left. Another wave of immigration occured in 1905.
Church
      A new Lutheran church was built of brick in Schäfer in 1906. It was one of the largest among the colonies, seating 4,000 parishners.
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
54
184
1769
50
189
101
88
1773
49
207
114
93
1788
32
174
94
80
1798
37
216
117
99
1816
53
343
180
163
1834
74
651
325
326
1850
119
943
481
462
1857
110
1,201
620
581
1859
110
1,234
638
596
1889
1,719
1897
1,785*
888
897
1905
2,662
1910
220
2,993
1,491
1,502
1912
1,770
1920
315**
2,320
1922
1,787
1923
1,704
1926***
332
1,887
897
990
1931
2,162
*Of whom 1,771 were German.
**Of which 314 households were German.
***Of whom 1,883 (331 households: 893 male & 990 female) were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 352.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 89-104.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
External Links
Schäfer (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 31 May 2013.
Map showing Schäfer
on the right (1935).


Schäfer Lutheran Church
Source: Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.

Schäfer Lutheran Church (1960s)
Source: Anna Beller.

Lutheran Church ruin in Schäfer.

Lutheran Church in Schäfer (2008).
Source: Alexander Perebinos

Lutheran Church in Schäfer.
Interior stairs (2008).
Source: Alexander Perebinos

Lutheran Church interior in Schäfer (2008).
Source: Alexander Perebinos