Reinwald
Names
Reinwald, Staritsa, Staritskoye, Starica, Stariza
Location
51º34' N 46º31' E
History
      Reinwald was founded on 14 July 1767 by the Government as a Lutheran colony. By decree dated 26 February 1768, Reinwald received the offical Russian name of Staritsa which means Oxbow Lakes.
Church
      Originally the congregation in Reinwald was part of the Rosenheim parish which had been established in 1767. Following the 1941 explusion of the Volga Germans, the steeple of the church in Reinwald was removed and the building converted into a community cultural center.
Pastors
      The congregation in Reinwald was served by the following pastors:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
231
1769
57
222
115
107
1773
57
263
132
131
1788
54
306
154
152
1798
58
390
206
184
1816
78
614
307
307
1834
122
1,104
556
548
1850
182
1,670
865
805
1857
198
2,086
1,081
1,005
1859
2,211
1889
3,021
1897
2,948*
1,521
1,427
1905
5,007
1910
645
5,033
2,574
2,459
1912
5,174
1920
452
3,134
1922
2,191
1926**
443
2,316
1,117
1,199
1931
2,931***
*Of whom 2,942 were German.
**Of whom 2,307 (1,109 male & 1,198 female) were German living in 439 households.
***Of whom 2,923 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 352.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 612.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 11, 29-46.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 318.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
Resources
External Links
Reinwald (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 24 May 2013.

Street scene in Reinwald.
Source: David A. Markgraf


Reinwald Lutheran Church (2004).
Source: Viktor Wolf
(posted at wolgadeutsche.net)


Reinwald Lutheran Church (2008).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net

Reinwald Lutheran Church (2010).
Source: Galina Ruppel.