Ober-Monjou
Names
Krivovka, Kriwowskoje, Obermonjou, Obermunjour, Ober-Monjou, Ober-Monjour (after 1941, Krivovka)
Location
51º44' N 46º51' E
History
      Ober-Monjou was founded as a Roman Catholic colony on 5 March 1767 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard.
      In 1859, a daughter colony was established by colonists from Ober-Monjou seeking additional farm land. The daughter colony was called Neu-Ober-Monjou.
Church
      The congregation in Ober-Monjou was part of parish headquartered in Katharinenstadt. The Catholic church in Ober-Monjou was built of stone and dedicated to "The Immaculate Conception" on 28 September 1897. This structure no longer exists.
Priests
      The parish in Ober-Monjou was served by the following priests:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
82
299
160
139
1769
91
324
176
148
1773
88
325
156
169
1788
72
370
177
193
1798
76
429
211
218
1816
91
620
308
312
1834
138
1,068
546
522
1850
174
1,608
808
800
1857
197
1,897
921
976
1859
165
1,513
744
769
1886
1891
1894
1897
2,251*
1,129
1,122
1904
1910
392
2,752
1,365
1,387
1912
2,882
1920
451**
2,978
1926***
433
2,443
1,190
1,253
*Of whom 2,235 were German.
**Of which 444 families were German.
***Of those, 431 households accounting for 2,432 colonists (1,184 males, 1,248 females) were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of the Populated Places of the Samara Province (Samara, Russia, 1910): 261.
- List of Populated Places of the Russian Empire, vol. 36 - Samara Province (St. Petersburg, 1864): 82.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 2:13; 4:54-55.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 613.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 314.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1972): 122.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
- Stumpp, Karl. Die Auswanderung aus Deutschland nach Rußland in den Jahren 1763 bis 1862 (Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 2004): 70.
External Links
- Obermunjou, Russia (Kevin Rupp)
- Ober-Monjou (Wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 31 May 2013.
Map showing Ober-Monjou (1935).


Immaculate Conception Catholic Church
Ober-Munjor, Russia
Photo courtesy of August & Elizabeth (Leiker) Exsner.