Messer, Ust-Solicha, Ust-Solikha, Ust-Zalikha, Ust-Zolicha, Ust-Zolikha
50º58' N 45º33' E
Messer was founded as a Reformed colony on 7 July 1766 by the Government on the Zolicha River, near its confluence with the Goloi Karamysh. The 85 founding colonist families came from the Palatinate, Hesse, and Prussia. A government decree on 26 February 1768 gave Messer its official Russian name of Ust-Solikha.
Originally, Messer was the lead congregation in a group of Reformed parishes that included Moor, Kutter, Kautz, Anton, and Balzer.
A new church building was constructed in an early form of the Kontor Style. It was completed in 1835 and built of wood. A new brick church in the Neo-Classical style was built in Messer in 1912.
The following pastors served the congregation in Messer:
1767-1777 Aloysius Jauch
1778-1799 Johannes S. Jannett
1804-1818 Josua Graf
1820-1823 Johann Samuel Huber
1823-1850 Immanuel Grunauer
1855-1891 Jakob Friedrich Dettling
1889-1891 Liborius Herbord Behning
1894-1896 Johann Kaminsky
1897-1898 Ernst Althausen
1899-1909 Eduard Seib
1909-1914 Woldemar Lankau
1917-1929 Eduard Hermann Eichhorn
The following served as vicar in the Messer parish:
1897 Johann Romann
**Of which 605 households were German.
***Of whom 3,712 were German (646 households: 1,764 male & 1,948 female).
****Of whom 3,703 were German.
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- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- List of Settlements in the Russian Empire in 1859, vol. 38: Saratov Province (St. Petersburg, 1862): 59.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 1068-1072.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1972).
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 19.
Messer (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 22 August 2014.