Karaulney Buyerak, Karaulno-Buyerachnoye, Karaulnoi-Buyerak, Karaulny-Bujerak, Karaulnyi Buyerak, Karaulnyj Bujerak, Köhler
50º34' N 45º23' E
Köhler was founded on 10 August 1767 by the Government as a Roman Catholic colony on the left bank of the Ilovlya River below the confluence of the Karaulny Buyerak. The original colonists came from Fulda, Würzburg, and Mainz.
The congregation in Köhler was originally part of the Semenovka Parish, later becoming independent. A wooden church was built there in 1864 in the neo-classical "Kontor" style. Pilgrims would visit the chapel in Köhler in honor of "Discovery of the Cross." Three priests were buried in the parish cemetery.
The parish in Köhler was served by the following priests:
Philipp Dorzweiler (1873-1874?)
Georg Rießling (1877-1880?)
Andreas Brungardt (1887)
Philipp Becker (1893-1895)
Josef Hein (1897)
Adolf Ulrich (1897-1901)
Ferdinand Hirsch (1901-1905)
Nikolaus Maier (1905-1913)
Clement Schönheiter (1910-1928)
Florian Schulz (1914)
Josef Veith (1915)
Martin Fix (1915-1922)
Josef Beilmann (1924?-1928)
The following also served as vicar in Köhler:
Stanislaus Kubik (1892-1893)
Klemens Weißenburger (1917-1918)
**Of which 564 households were German.
***Of whom 3,023 were German (555 households: 1,501 male & 1,522 female).
****Of whom 3,385 were German.
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies. Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869.
- Minkh, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 474-477. (Online)
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1980): 257.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.
Keller (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 14 November 2014.