Köhler
Names
Karaulney Buyerak, Karaulno-Buyerachnoye, Karaulnoi-Buyerak, Karaulny-Bujerak, Karaulnyi Buyerak, Karaulnyj Bujerak, Köhler
Location
50º34' N 45º23' E
History
      Köhler was founded on 10 August 1767 by the Government as a Roman Catholic colony on the left bank of the Ilovlya River below the confluence of the Karaulny Buyerak. The original colonists came from Fulda, Würzburg, and Mainz.
Church
      The congregation in Köhler was originally part of the Semenovka Parish, later becoming independent. A wooden church was built there in 1864 in the neo-classical "Kontor" style. Pilgrims would visit the chapel in Köhler in honor of "Discovery of the Cross." Three priests were buried in the parish cemetery.
Priests
The parish in Köhler was served by the following priests:
Philipp Dorzweiler (1873-1874?)
Georg Rießling (1877-1880?)
Andreas Brungardt (1887)
Philipp Becker (1893-1895)
Josef Hein (1897)
Adolf Ulrich (1897-1901)
Ferdinand Hirsch (1901-1905)
Nikolaus Maier (1905-1913)
Clement Schönheiter (1910-1928)
Florian Schulz (1914)
Josef Veith (1915)
Martin Fix (1915-1922)
Josef Beilmann (1924?-1928)

The following also served as vicar in Köhler:

Stanislaus Kubik (1892-1893)
Klemens Weißenburger (1917-1918)
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
95
282
151
131
1769
86
289
155
134
1773
84
368
201
167
1788
84
511
259
252
1798
92
616
303
313
1816
134
901
455
446
1834
193
1,583
793
790
1850
269
2,182
1,095
1,087
1857
256
2,396
1,204
1,192
1859
2,324
1860
219
2,394
1,199
1,195
1886
384
2,996
1,550
1,446
1891
367
3,124
1,935
1,189
1894
374
3,768
1,993
1,775
1897
3,127*
1,612
1,515
1905
5,017
1911
6,091
1912
5,970
1920
566**
3,847
1922
2,358
1923
2,736
1926***
556
3,024
1,502
1,522
1931
3,387****
*Of whom 3,123 were German.
**Of which 564 households were German.
***Of whom 3,023 were German (555 households: 1,501 male & 1,522 female).
****Of whom 3,385 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies. Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869.
- Minkh, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 474-477.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 623.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Selbstverlag Joseph Schnurr, 1980): 257.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.
External Links
Keller (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 6 April 2013.
Map showing Köhler (1935).