Baskakovka, Baskatovka, Kind
51º47' N 46º59' E
Kind was founded on 3 August 1767 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard as a Lutheran colony by settlers who came most from Hesse. However, according to Dietz, the original settlers of Kind spent the first winter in other colonies and moved to Kind in 1768.
The colony was named Kind after the leader of the group who first settled there. It was given its official Russian name (Baskakovka) in honor of the vice-president of the Office of Immigrant Oversight who bore that name.
There was a parochial school in Kind, and by 1862 it had 171 students and one teacher.
The congregation in Kind belonged to the parish of Bettinger until 1820 when it became part of a new parish with its headquarters in nearby Näb.
The first known dedicated church building in Kind was constructed of wood in 1808. It was 48 feet long and 24 feet wide. This facility was replaced by a new wooden building in 1875. It was built in the Kontora style on the same foundation as the old structure and had seating for 1,200 people and an organ.
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 52-53.
- List of the Populated Places of the Samara Province (Samara, Russia, 1910): 292.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 613.
- Preliminary Totals of the All-Union Population Census of 1926 of the ASSR of the Germans of Volga Region (Pokrovsk, Russia, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
Kind (Wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 23 May 2013.