Katharinenstadt
Names
Baronsk, Jekaterinenstadt, Jekaterinograd, Katharinenstadt, Marks, Markstadt, Marx, Marxstadt
Location
51º42' N 46º46' E
History
      Katharinenstadt was founded by Protestant (both Lutheran and Reformed) and Roman Catholic colonists on 27 June 1766 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard.
Churches
      Katharinenstadt was a large colony with colonists from a variety of faith backgrounds. Soon after the founding of Katharinenstadt, a Reformed parish was established in north Katharinenstadt and a Lutheran Parish in south Katharinenstadt. There was also a Catholic parish in Katharinenstadt.

      Catholic Parish
      Lutheran/Reformed Parish

Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1766
83
283
160
123
1767
606
1769
220
812
431
381
1773
163
615
336
279
1776
716
1788
141
636
326
310
1798*
142
720
355
365
1816
230
1,441
743
698
1834
382
2,468
1,286
1,182
1850
491
3,669
1,862
1,807
1857
423
4,354
2,185
2,169
1859
427
4,654
2,334
2,230
1886
1891
1894
1897
10,331**
5,148
5,183
1904
1910
1,306
15,370
7,737
7,633
1912
11,962
1920
15,435
1926
11,461***
*The description accompanying the 1798 census enumerates 153 households with a total of 779 inhabitants, of which 389 are male and 390 female. They are divided among the denominations as follows: 86 families are Lutheran, 30 are Roman Catholic, and 37 are Reformed.
**Of whom 9,393 were German (7,686 Protestant & 1,707 Roman Catholic).
***Of whom 11,260 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Heimatbuch der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1972.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 613.
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1972): 195-196.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
Resources
- Original Inhabitants of Katharinenstadt (in German)
- 1798 Census for Katharinenstadt (in German)
- 1870 Family List for Katharinenstadt
External Links
- Katharinenstadt (Wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
- Katharinenstadt, Russia (Kevin Rupp)
- Marxstadt (Johannes Herber) - in German
Last updated 24 May 2013.

Map showing Katharinenstadt
known as Marxstadt at this time (1935).


Panorama of Katharinenstadt taken between 1917 and 1941.
Lutheran church is in the distance on the right; the Catholic church steeple can be seen in the distance toward the center of the photo.


Overview of the "Central Square" in Katharinenstadt.
The Catholic church is at the far end of the "square" and the back of the Lutheran church is in the foreground toward the right.
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Painting of Katharinenstadt showing the Catholic church in the foreground with the Lutheran church behind.
Artist: Michael Boss.
From the collection of Linda Tate, Cincinnati, Ohio.


Map of Katharinenstadt (1933)
[called Marxstadt at the time]
Source: Wolgadeutsche.net
Contemporary Map of Katharinenstadt
Source: Wolgadeutsche.net


Steam Mill of the Sabelfeld Brothers.
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Market Day in Katharinenstadt.
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Demonstration in Katharinenstadt (1920).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Boys gymnasium (highschool) in Katharinenstadt
built in 1922.
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Boys gymnasium (highschool) in Katharinenstadt
Today the School of the Arts (2008).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Katharinenstadt Oberstadt (upper town) school built in 1910.
Source: wolgadeutsche.net


Katharinenstadt Oberstadt school (2008).
Source: wolgadeutsche.net