Hölzel
Names
Hölzel, Kochetnaya, Kochetnoye, Kotshetnoye, Kotschetnoje, Neuendorf
History
      Hölzel, a Roman Catholic colony, was founded on 11 September 1767 by LeRoy & Pictet.
      The colony was relocated to higher ground, east of its former location, due to the flooding caused by the Volga Reservoir in 1961. The Volgograd (formerly Stalingrad) Hydroelectric Power Station many kilometers down river created this large reservoir which inundated several of the Volga German colonies.
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
59
198
106
92
1769
52
194
107
87
1773
47
196
105
91
1788
170
1798
233
1816
400
1834
702
1850
1,169
1857
1859
1,359
1889
1,866
1897
1,904*
962
942
1905
2,516
1910
2,907
1912
2,906
1920
460
2,808
1922
2,148
1923
1,843
1926
371
1,831
868
963
1931
1,798
*Of whom 1,893 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 350.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 308.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 109-123.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
Resources Available
Censuses: 1767, 1798, 1834, 1850, & 1857.
Last updated 23 April 2014.
Map showing Hölzel (1935).

Map showing the location of Hölzel (top center) before and after the flooding by the creation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.

This map overlays several maps that show the location of Hölzel (just below center) before and after the inundation of the Volga Reservoir in 1961.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin.