Alyeshka, Dietel, Dittel, Oleshnya, Oleschna, Oleshnya, Tittel, Yelshanka
50º54' N 45º10' E
Dietel was founded on 1 July 1767 by Baron de Boffe as a Lutheran colony. The original 43 colonist families came from the Palatinate, Württemberg, Hamburg, Saxony, Mecklenburg, and Alsace. The colony took its name from the first leader of the group that settled there, Christian Gottfried Dietel from Saxony.
The congregation in Dietel was established in 1767 at the founding of the colony, and served as the lead parish for the colonies of Kautz, Kratzke, and Merkel. Dietel also served as the residence of the pastor serving these parishes. In 1904, the congregations in Neu-Dönhof and Neu-Balzer located to the north were added to the jurisdiction of the Dietel parish.
The congregation in Dietel was served by the following pastors:
1768-1770 Sigismund Israel Bergen
1772-1774 Gottlieb May
1780-1782 Laurentius Ahlbaum
1793-1798 Johann Heinrich Buck
1801-1815 Karl Jakob Früauf
1819-1835 Andreas Haag
1835-1862 Gotthard Alexis Marpurg
1864-1880 Ernst Gottfried Carrolien
1887-1892 August Julius Tiedemann
1893-1927 Johann Friedrich Möllmann
1929-1931 Woldemar Wagner
**Of whom 3,135 were German.
***Of which 414 households were German.
****Of whom 3,114 (1,531 male & 1,583 female) were German living in 449 households.
*****Of whom 3,392 were German.
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Minkh, A.N. Historical and Georgraphical Dictionary of the Saratov Province (Saratov, 1898): 705-709. Online.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 622.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 279-296.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph, Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1972): 192.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.
Dietel (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Folks Family Trees (Kay Broach Suber)
Reichel/Reigel Family History (Annette Parish)
Sergej Kindsvater's Family Tree Site (Sergej Kindsvater)
Last updated 31 May 2013.