Biberstein
Names
Biberstein, Georgiewka, Georgievka, Glarus
Location
51º55' N 47º16' E
History
      Biberstein was founded as a Lutheran colony on 20 August 1767 by Baron Caneau de Beauregard. It moved to a new location between Bettinger and Schaffhausen along the Volga River in 1770.
Church
      Biberstein was part of the Lutheran parish headquartered in Bettinger. A new church was built of wood in Biberstein in 1862.
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
1769
25
107
76
31
1773
46
176
102
74
1788
40
221
112
109
1798
44
310
156
154
1816
85
480
239
241
1834
109
813
408
405
1850
146
1,017
523
494
1857
132
1,065
535
530
1859
116
1,029
529
500
1883
1,854
1889
1,896
1894
1897
1,899
942
957
1905
2,898
1910
289
2,992
1,574
1,418
1912
3,036
1920
363*
2,440
1922
2,023
1926**
271
1,535
750
785
1931
2,330***
*Of which 361 households were German.
**Of whom 1,534 (749 male & 785 female) were German, living in 270 households.
***Of whom 2,321 were German.
Sources:
- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 348.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 614.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Reith, Andreas. Bettinger Lutheran Church, 2009 (online - in Russian).
- Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II by Count Orlov, 14 February 1769.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
- Stumpp, Karl. Die Auswanderung aus Deutschland nach Rußland in den Jahren 1763 bis 1862 (Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 2004): 68.
Available Resources
- Censuses: 1798, 1857
External Links
Glarus (Wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 24 May 2013.
Map showing Biberstein
in the center (1935).