Oberdorf
Names
Becherschutor, Beckers Chutor, Becker, Bekker, Bekkers Khutor, Kubcowo, Kuptseva, Kuptsevo, Kuptsovo, Kuptzev Melnitza, Ober-Dorf, Oberdorf, Obersdorf
Location
50°18' N 45°00' E
History
      In 1828, a colonist named Becker from Kamenka established a khutor at the place where earlier, a Russian named Kuptsov had also had a khutor. As additional colonists began settling there the place became known as Beckers Chutor. The colony of Oberdorf was officially founded in 1852 (1847 per Dietz) as a Lutheran colony by colonists resettling from Norka, Grimm, Kutter, Dönhof, Stephan, Shcherbakovka, Galka, Holstein, Dobrinka, Müller , and Schwab. It was located 180 versts from Saratov, 40 versts from Kamyshin, and 25 versts from Rosenberg.
      A school was established in the colony in 1852. As of 1890, it had 269 students (126 boys and 143 girls).
      As of 1886, there were in the colony 24 cobblers, 8 millers, 4 wheelrights, 4 carpenters, and 4 weavers. By 1890, there were 1 wind- and 4 water-powered flour mills.       In 1866, 4 individuals relocated to the colony of Kanova in the Caucasus. In 1886, 36 colonists (18 male & 18 female making up nine families and two single men who were avoiding service in the Russian Army) immigrated to Kansas.
Church
      A wooden church building was constructed in 1871. The congregation in Oberdorf was part of the Lutheran parish headquartered in Rosenberg where the pastor also resides.
Pastors
Coming soon . . .
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
73
524
272
252
1859
51
549
283
266
1886
128
1,249
618
631
1891
1,526
772
754
1894
155
1,697
844
853
1897
1,643*
838
805
1904
1,508
1911
1,777
1912
2,400
1920
262**
1,860
1922
1,741
1923
1,793
1926
284
1,930
921
1,009
1931
2,050***
1939
2,294
*Of whom 1,615 were German.
**Of which 235 households were German.
***Of whom 2,048 were German.
Sources:
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 215.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies. Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Minkh, A.N. Historical-Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province (Saratov, 1898-1903): 696-700.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Sallet, Richard. Russian-German Settlement in the United States (Fargo, ND: North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, 1974): 156.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.
External Links
The Jauk's of Oberdorf Russia
Oberdorf (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Oberdorf (originally by Teri Helzer) - in Spanish
Last updated 6 April 2013.
Map showing Oberdorf (1935).