Morgentau
Names
Chumak, Kislovodskaya, Morgentau, Morgenthau, Nesterovka, Tshumak
Location
50°20' N 46°38' E
History
      Morgentau was founded in 1859 on the banks of the Belaya Kuba River 19 kilometers west of Gmelinskaya by Lutheran colonists resettling from Galka, Shcherbakovka, Kraft, Stephan, Schwab, and Holstein.
Church
      The Morgentau congregation founded in 1863 was an administrative Lutheran parish for the surrounding colonies.
Pastors
The congregation in Morgentau was served by the following pastors:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1859
409
1883
1,502
1888
265
1,557
773
784
1891
1894
1897
1,455
738
717
1904
2,183
1908
309
2,665
1,318
1,347
1910
323
2,873
1,426
1,447
1912
1920
366*
2,403
1922
1,636
1923
1,638
1926**
342
1,597
762
835
1831
1,942***
*Of which 360 were German households.
**Of whom 1,577 (748 male and 829 female) were German living in 333 households.
***Of whom 1,927 were German.
Sources:
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen – Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: AER Verlag Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1978): 197.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
External Links:
Morgentau (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russia.
Re-Settlers List for the Village of Morgentau (Jeruslan Nachrichten)
Last updated 13 March 2013.
Map showing Morgentau (1935).