Marienfeld
Names
Marienfeld, Novonikolayevka, Spatzenchutor
Location
50°12' N 45°06' E
History
      Marienfeld was founded in 1852 as a Roman Catholic colony.
      During the Bolshevik revolution in the Summer of 1918, a call went out to the farmers of the Volga colonies in the area of Marienfeld to join in defense against the approaching Bolshevik army. They did manage to capture a passing train, but were soon overpowered by the Bolshevik army approaching from the south. The farmers were overcome by the army, and the colony of Marienfeld was torched by the "Reds" (Bolsheviks) in 1918.
Church
      Marienfeld was founded as a Roman Catholic colony. Saint Rochus Catholic Church was constructed in Marienfeld. It was destroyed in 1918 during the burning of Marienfeld by the Bolshevik army.
Priests
      The following priests served the Catholic parish in Marienfeld:
Johannes Knutschko (1887)
Franz Loran (1897-1901?)
Nikolaus Maier (1901-1905)
Ferdinand Hirsch (1909)
Alois Ocks (1910?-1914)
Aloysius Kappes (1914-1922)
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
1859
71
664
345
319
1886
1,052
1890
1,335
696
639
1894
134
580
241
339
1897
1,377*
692
685
1905
1,487
787
700
1911
1,738
1912
2,200
1920
338**
2,054
1922
1,754
1926
361
2,027
970
1,057
1931
2,315***
*Of whom 1,376 were German.
**Of which 336 households were German.
***Of whom 2,252 were German.
Sources:
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 606-609.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Rempfer, Michael (trans.). "The White Red Train: Experiences of a German Russian Farmer in 1918" GRHS News (Summer 2014).
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen, Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1980): 245.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.
External Links
Marienfeld (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Marienfeld Blog (Ted Gerk)
Last updated 25 July 2014.
Map showing Marienfeld (1935).