Gnadentau
Names
Gnadentau, Sobachii Kolonok, Verkhniy Yeruslan
Location
46°31' N 50°30' E
History
      Gnadentau was founded in 1860 as a Lutheran daughter colony by colonists resettling from Franzosen, Galka, Shcherbakovka, Stephan, Müller, Schwab, Dietel, Merkel, and Grimm.
      By 1910, the colony had a Lutheran church, 2 schools - parochial and district, 1 creameries, and 3 windmills.
Church
      Since 1876, Gnadentau has been the headquarters of its own Lutheran parish. A brick church was constructed between 1884-1888.
      The congregation was disbanded by the government in 1938. The building was then used as a granary and barn. Beginning on 29 October 2004, the church building was once again used to hold worship services. Restoration of the building continues.
Pastors
Andrey Poutov (?-2010)
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
1857
1859
1888
172
1,167
587
580
1891
1894
1897
1,441*
726
715
1908
186
2,308
1,171
1,137
1910
207
2,332
1,179
1,153
1912
2,100
1920
282**
2,186
1922
1,893
1926***
354
2,017
955
1,062
*Of whom 1,429 were German.
**Of whom 279 were inhabited by ethnic Germans.
***Of whom 2,008 (951 male & 1057 female) were German and 353 households were occupied by them.
Sources:
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
External Links
- Gnadentau (Wolgadeutsche.net)
- Gnadentau Original Settlers (Jeruslan Nachrichten)
- Gnadentau Lutheran Church (current homepage)
Last updated 8 April 2013.
Map showing Gnadentau (1935).


Gnadentau Lutheran Church
Original interior.


Gnadentau Lutheran Church


Gnadentau Church being used as a barn (1993).
Photo courtesy of Bill Wiest.


Gnadentau Lutheran Church.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).


Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).


Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior, being used once again as a church.
Courtesy of Alexander Bashkatov (2006).


Gnadentau Lutheran Church.
Courtesy of Steve Schreiber.


Gnadentau Lutheran Church interior.


Gnadentau Lutheran Church layout.