Fresental
Names
Fresental, Fresenthal, Neu-Schäfer, Novo-Lipovka, Novolipovka, Shivskaya
Location
51°21' N 46°57' E
History
      Fresental was founded as a Lutheran colony in 1849 63 kilometers southeast of Engels on the left bank of the Bolshoye Karaman River by colonists resettling from Reinhard. It was named after the Office Manager in the Office of Immigrant Oversight.
      Pastor Adolph Hermann Asmus was a native of Fresental.
Church
      There were a church and a school located in the colony by 1859. The Fresental parish became an independent Lutheran parish in 1862 with a resident pastor.
      There were also Mennonites living in the colony.
Pastors
      Fresental was served by the following pastors:
Population
Population Table
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
40
375
190
185
1857
42
443
232
211
1859
42
462
242
220
1883
733
1889
859
1894
1897
888*
461
427
1905
1,239
1910
192
1,580
782
798
1912
1,300
1920
195
1,236
1922
781
1926
157
888**
433
455
1931
1,041
*Of whom 876 were German.
**Of whom 887 were German (156 househods: 432 male & 455 female).
Sources:
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Herdt, Karl. Die Namengebung zweier Woldadeutscher Dörfer, Alexanderdorf und Höh (Alexander-Höh): am Nachoistrom gelegen sowie Episoden aus dem damaligen Bauernleben und Skizzen aus der Steppentierwelt (Espelkamp: K. Herdt, 1983): 16.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen – Evangelischer Teil (Stuttgart: AER Verlag Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 1978): 197.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.
External Links
Fresental (wolgadeutsche.net) - in Russian
Last updated 12 November 2013.
Map showing Fresental (1935).


Map of Colonies along the
Nachoi River (1860)
also showing Fresental along
the Großer Karaman.
Source: Die Namengebung zweier Wolgadeutscher Dörfer, 1983 (p.14).